The World of Sports Nutrition

Advancements in medicine and an increase in capitalism in the world as well as other factors all contributed to the development of the field of sports nutrition.

As scientists learned more and more about our bodies and the optimum level of strength and physical fitness they can harbor, businessmen jumped the gun and manufactured products and services that actually help athletes meet these optimum levels. The media joined in the ruckus and published materials leading to the promotion of both the scientific and the commercial side of the field.

Sports nutrition has been changing through the years around the world. It’s not just that the topics are different – the emphasis and approach have also changed.

Peak Performance, a sports magazine carried an article on dehydration in runners on October 1990, its maiden issue. This article compared the benefits of plain water with those of dilute glucose solutions, which are more isotonic and therefore absorbed more rapidly.

Today, go into almost any supermarket, convenience stores and even school cafeterias and you’ll find a ready supply of sports drinks aimed at maintaining hydration just like glucose solutions.

The difference is that by using soluble long-chain glucose polymers instead of simple glucose, it’s now possible to create an isotonic drink that hydrates and also supplies significant amounts of carbohydrate to working muscles. And, the good thing is, sports drinks also taste better.

More than 10 years ago, it was made public that muscle damage brought about by free-radicals may be reduced by having supplements of antioxidant vitamins A; C and E. Years after, antioxidant supplementation became a norm in the world of sports nutrition.

Now, researchers are also beginning to understand that muscle damage is a more complex subject. It is difficult to assess free radical damage in athletes and it has been found out those large amounts of antioxidant nutrients may actually cause cellular damage and impair performance.

The carb loading technique has been widely used over the years by athletes all over the world. A carbohydrate-rich diet is important in maintaining muscle glycogen stores thus ensuring high endurance levels.

However, in the 1990′s it became clear that the glycemic index and release rate of different carbohydrates had important influence on when they should best be consumed in relation to physical activity.

The relationship of carbohydrates and proteins were also discovered namely that carbohydrates promote protein-sparing in the body. It was also discovered recently that consuming carbohydrates before and during prolonged bouts of strenuous exercise can help protect the immune system.

One of the most exciting recent developments in sports nutrition has been the rise of creatine supplementation. The use of creatine is now very common. Creatine renews the muscles essential energy source, ATP or adenosine triphosphate. Increased levels in muscles optimizes energy turnover meaning you’ll more energy for high power exercise and faster recovery during and after workouts. Creatine also increases the athlete’s maximum effort, delays fatigue and therefore prolongs endurance.

New wisdom and therefore new products have definitely enabled athletes to fuel themselves better, work harder, train longer and recover more rapidly. However, as in any kind of innovation there will always be downsides.

Nutritional supplements available to most athletes in the 80′s were very straightforward. Some athletes took drugs but the boundaries between nutritional supplements and drugs clear. Today, the race to find new formulas to boost performance has resulted to the availability of sports nutrition supplements which do not really occur naturally. The result is that the distinction between a nutrient and a performance-enhancing substance has become increasingly blurred.

Some of these supplements contain ingredients that can cause athletes to violate the rules and regulations governing their sport because of unintentional contamination by other, ‘exotic’, substances present in the supplement manufacturing environment.

More developments will be created in the world of sports nutrition and these will definitely spawn ethical questions. “Nutrigenomics”-the relationship between genetics and nutrition-will be more researched upon.

As scientists become more skilled at discovering the processes of our genes, it will be possible that rather than adopting a general approach for sports nutrition, athletes around the world will be genetically tested to help them determine precise individual requirements for optimum health.

The next years will predictably be more exciting for the world of sports nutrition.

Attractive Campus and Online Art Education Degree Universities

An art education degree is a sure key to unlocking a world of unlimited opportunities. Apart from the demand of childhood educators, art educators, business educators, music educators, special educators and other classes of educators being always high these degree can land you in various other lucrative careers. This includes being an education expert, researcher, scholar, writer, motivational speaker and even an historian. You can also with an art education degree freelance in photography, design and writing while still in your main profession.A sure passion for teaching needs to be the main driving force to go for this degree. These must be backed with competencies in emotional, visual and tactile ways to impart knowledge to someone as this degree involves teaching toddlers, adolescents, and mature people and in other cases people with special needs. You must have that ability to emotionally handle all these classes. After analyzing yourself the next step is selecting your preferred university. There are many universities in America that offer an art education degree. Depending on your mode of study whether studying on campus or online you will be able to find an accredited university in your desired geography after searching the U.S department of education comprehensive database of accredited post secondary institutions.Accredited universities include the following: Capella University, university of Phoenix in Phoenix Arizona, De Vry University, Walden University and also Kaplan University. You will find more accredited universities in and many of the best art schools are listed. Walden University in Minnesota is an ideal university if you want online masters. It has been recommended by the Minnesota board of teaching and receives postgraduate online students from all over the world. Specialty subjects in the post graduate program are teacher leadership, integrated technology in class, education leadership, adolescent literacy and theology and other general fields. All these are offered by the Richard W. Riley College department of Walden University. Also among the best art schools is the Southern New Hampshire University. It offers among the best online studies. It was awarded awards for best online degree by The New Hampshire Business Review. You will need 120 credit hours to complete your masters online if you choose Southern New Hampshire University.Different states have different teacher certification and different teacher regulation bodies. Some universities will offer you a teaching license to teach in various states while others will license you to teach in only one state. Before being awarded teacher certification you will have to sit and pass some examinations. In Minnesota you will have to pass PRAXIS 1 and PRAXIS II tests. For more about teacher licensing and practice in Alabama you should contact the Alabama State Department of Education, they will steer you in the right direction. In Washington you would need to get in touch with the office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction.In whichever state you choose to carry out your art education degree verify with the state education department if the chosen institution is accredited. In case you choose an art school online ensure it has the leading technology, electronic portfolios, podcasts and Virtual Field Experiences. ™

Unique and Unusual Gift Ideas for Children

Once children come into your life, it seems that you are always buying them gifts – new baby gifts, Christening gifts, birthday gifts, Christmas gifts, and then gifts for all your children’s friends too. So it’s not surprising that finding a unique gift for the children in your life can be difficult as they receive so much these days.But unique gifts for children will be appreciated for much longer than the latest must-have toy, and the parents will also thank you for an unusual present. So, to help you out, here are some ideas for unique gifts for children, fitting all price ranges and occasions, from Christening gifts to stocking fillers.New Baby/Christening Gifts
• For an inexpensive but unique new baby gift, buy a couple of newspapers from the day of the child’s birth, plus the CD of the number one single of the week. You can then package them together with pretty ribbon or in a gift box for a thoughtful present.• Or why not buy the new baby a canvas for her nursery – artwork for children is increasingly popular and there are a wonderful range of canvases and prints that are suitable for bedrooms, nurseries and playrooms. This idea works equally well for a Christening gift. Let’s be honest, whilst silver tooth boxes are traditional Christening gifts, they’re not exactly useful or contemporary.• Another unique Christening gift idea is to buy a bottle of wine or champagne and then add a message to the bottle saying that you look forward to enjoying a drink with the child on their 18th (or 21st) birthday. You could even buy wine from the year of the child’s birth.• Or how about a collection of DVDs of classic films – Disney films are always popular, or to make the gift even more personal, you could buy some of your favourite films when you were a child and write an accompanying note explaining what you enjoyed about them. Personal touches like this mean some much more than a generic gift.Birthday and Christmas Gifts for Children
The rule with children (younger ones especially) seems to be that the cost of the gift is irrelevant – it is often the most surprising gifts that catch their attention – and sometimes even just the packaging! An understanding of what the child you are buying for is into is always helpful in putting together the best gifts.• Crafty ideas are often winners and for an affordable but unusual gift, buying lots of different stickers and stampers and packaging them together with some coloured paper and glitter glue will give them something that will keep them amused for hours.• Sticker books are also popular presents – Usborne do a fantastic range called Sticker Dolly Dressing that all little girls seems to love. And for boys, the equally well priced Usborne Activity Cards make an affordable gift for kids that will hold their attention.• For unique gifts for children that the parents will also thank you for, how about something for their bedroom? Bookends, memo boards or funky photo frames are less obvious gifts for kids, but will probably last longer than a toy.Stocking Fillers and Party Bag Treats
Finding inexpensive but unusual gifts for kids’ stockings or party bags is often tricky. There are lots of websites that specialise in children’s party bags, so it’s worth checking these out.• If you look around you can often find sets of books at great prices, so you could split the set and each child could have a book in their party bag. Or the books can be wrapped separately for stockings, or split so that you have little gifts for several children.• Stationery items are generally well-received by children: a pretty notebook, a sparkly pen or some unusual coloured crayons.One final piece of advice – it definitely pays to be organised when it comes to finding unique gifts for children. If you see something buy it there and then and keep it in a present cupboard, this way you won’t get caught out by last-minute party invitations and parents will love you for finding something that little bit different.